There are three main causes of weight loss: decreased food intake, increased energy consumption, and malabsorption of nutrients, which are often intertwined. If you lose more than 10% in one year or more than 5% in half a year without intentional weight loss such as dieting, or if you lose more than 20% of your normal weight, it may be due to your illness. I have.
Possible causes from daily life
1Reduced dietary intake
If you eat less or eat only low-calorie foods for a diet, you lose weight because you lose fat and muscle in your body. However, extreme dieting can cause a variety of physical disorders and can lead to anorexia nervosa (anorexia nervosa). Also, if you continue to eat a diet that is significantly unbalanced in nutrition, you may lose the balance of vitamins and minerals that your body needs to function properly, and you may not be able to maintain the weight that you need to stay healthy. ..
2Excessive energy consumption
Excessive energy consumption in intense sports and overuse of the body at work can lead to a shortage of vitamins B 1 , B 6 , and minerals , which are the nutrients needed to use nutrients as energy for the body . It may be exhausted and lose weight.
When mental stress such as tension and anxiety continues, the sympathetic nerve becomes excited, the parasympathetic nerve that promotes digestion and absorption is suppressed, and the appetite is lost. In addition, stress often causes gastritis, gastric ulcer, and chronic diarrhea, and weight loss is caused by reduced food intake and reduced digestive and absorptive capacity.
FourMajor diseases that cause weight loss
Diseases that cause weight loss despite increased food intake include diabetes and hyperthyroidism. If the amount of food is normal or low and the body loses weight, the endocrine system such as malignant tumor, infectious disease, renal disease, heart disease, digestive disease, psychiatric disease, hyperthyroidism, and Azison disease Illness is possible. In the elderly, dementia and abnormal taste and smell are also causes.
Diseases associated with weight loss
1Anorexia nervosa (anorexia nervosa)
Fear of obesity can lead to extreme calorie restriction, finger throat irritation, vomiting, and laxative abuse that can result in weight loss of 20% or more. Females may have amenorrhea for more than 3 months. Many adolescent women are delighted to lose weight and are characterized by their energy and activity, but they can also cause arrhythmias and sudden death.
It is a lifestyle-related disease in which the secretion and action of insulin produced by the pancreas are reduced and the blood sugar level becomes chronically high. The sugar ingested from the diet can no longer be used as energy, and instead, fat and protein in the muscle are decomposed and used as an energy source, resulting in weight loss. Obesity, aging and heredity are thought to be involved in the onset.
3Graves’ disease (hyperthyroidism)
It is a disease in which thyroid hormone is excessively secreted. Because metabolism is promoted, you lose weight even though you have an appetite and eat a lot. Symptoms such as swelling of the thyroid gland, protrusion of the eyeballs, tremor of the hands, and palpitation may also occur. It is thought to be related to autoimmunity abnormalities and heredity, and it often affects women in their 20s and 30s, but it is not uncommon for men to develop it.
FourChronic gastritis, gastric / duodenal ulcer
Symptoms such as stomach pain, stomach upset, nausea, and loss of appetite reduce the amount of food you eat and lose weight. Chronic gastritis is thought to be caused by stress, overeating and drinking, and can progress to gastric ulcer when repeated. In the case of gastric ulcer, the area around the epigastrium hurts during and after eating, but in the case of duodenal ulcer, the area around the epigastrium hurts early in the morning or on an empty stomach, and it is characterized by being cured by eating. These diseases are mainly caused by Helicobacter pylori infection.
An inflammatory disease that causes ulcers and sores on the mucous membrane of the large intestine, and the number of patients has increased rapidly in recent years. It often occurs in young people in their twenties and is very prone to recurrence. The main symptom is mucous stools associated with diarrhea. In severe cases, fever and abdominal pain occur. Due to long-term diarrhea, weight loss is often seen.
You lose weight due to lack of nutrition due to the body’s inability to absorb the nutrients and water it needs. In addition, it causes chronic diarrhea, general swelling, anemia, and mouth ulcer. In addition, steatorrhea containing a lot of fat is discharged. Normal stools sink in the water of the toilet bowl, but steatorrhea is characterized by floating.
Gastric cancer, which is said to involve excessive salt intake and Helicobacter pylori, has few symptoms in the early stages. As it progresses, it causes stomach pain, heartburn, vomiting, hematemesis, and associated loss of appetite and weight loss. The number of Japanese people with gastric cancer is very high, and both men and women are the second leading cause of cancer death. It is believed that this is related to the Japanese diet, which prefers salty foods.
Colorectal cancer, which is thought to be associated with a diet low in dietary fiber and high in animal fat, has few symptoms other than bloody stools that can be detected by examination at the initial stage. As it progresses, bloody stools that can be seen with the naked eye may appear, lumps may be felt in the abdomen, stools may become thin, and symptoms such as constipation, diarrhea, and abdominal pain may occur. These bowel movements and loss of appetite cause weight loss.
It occurs when the lungs are infected with a bacterium called tubercle bacillus. Symptoms such as coughing, tan, a small amount of blood that cannot be seen with the naked eye, and low-grade fever may continue for more than 2 weeks, and at the same time, loss of appetite, malaise, and weight loss may occur. Mycobacterium tuberculosis may spread due to coughing, etc., but because the initial symptoms are mild, the infection may not be noticed. Although the number of infected people has decreased temporarily, it has recently increased again due to the outbreak of elderly people in medical facilities and the emergence of new tubercle bacilli.
Even though there is no special illness, it is a illness that makes it difficult for you to recover from your feelings of interest and joy because you feel tired and tired, and your energy is weakened or depressed. Often, you lose your appetite, eat less, and lose weight. Other symptoms such as sleep disorders, poor concentration, slow movement of the body, irritability and impatience, and increased tiredness may occur both physically and mentally.
11 11Addison’s disease (chronic hypoadrenocorticism)
It is a disease in which the secretion of corticosteroids decreases due to tuberculosis and abnormal autoimmunity. It is characterized by fatigue, loss of appetite, weight loss, pigmentation on the skin, blackening of the face and back of the hands, and black spots on the mucous membrane of the mouth. It can cause headaches, dizziness, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, as well as decreased libido.* If you are worried about the above diseases, see a doctor as soon as possible.
Preventive measures that can be taken in daily life
1Do not have an extremely unbalanced diet or an unreasonable diet
Avoid extreme diets and unreasonable diets, and get a good balance of protein, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals in your daily diet. Excessive calorie intake causes lifestyle-related diseases, but it should be noted that insufficient calorie intake leads to energy shortage and various disorders such as decreased resistance.
2Do not accumulate stress
Don’t get stressed by forgetting about your work on holidays and consulting with people about your worries as soon as possible. It is also important to find a stress relieving method that suits you, such as sports and hobbies. A good night’s sleep also develops a stress-resistant mind and body. Soak in lukewarm water below 40 ° C to relax, or do a light stretch before going to bed to get as deep a sleep as possible.
1Get a medical examination at the hospital
If you continue to lose appetite and lose weight, or if you eat a lot and lose weight, you may have a visceral or endocrine disorder and should see your doctor. If you have anorexia nervosa, your family should be careful and consult a psychosomatic medicine department.
Petit memo Weight loss due to drug addiction
Drug addiction is when you are abusing a drug, such as a drug or stimulant, and you cannot help without it. It has been said that there are fewer addicts in Japan than in foreign countries due to the strict crackdown, but recently drug addiction is spreading among young people. When used, it can lift your mood and make you feel euphoric, but you will lose weight because you will not be able to eat properly and the absorption and metabolism of nutrients will be impaired. It is important to have the correct knowledge of drugs, as regular use can lead to mental illness and often lead to crime.